Hallux Valgus is a Latin medical term that describes the deformity of the toe. “Hallux” means toe. “Valgus” is an anatomical term that explains the disorder is directed away from the body.
Normally, the toe should be flat, and parallel to the axis of the foot. In Hallux Valgus, the toe bends towards to the next finger. In other words bends and points lateral side of the foot. Thus, a swelling occurs slightly above the toe. This swelling is also called “bunion”.
In reality, the situation is much more complicated than “a simple swelling” or “bulge” seen a little above your toe. These two bones form a triangle because the first metatarsal bone is bent inside and the finger bone on it is bent outward, and it is actually the peak of this triangle that looks like a swelling. That is why hallux valgus does not improve with the removal of this bunion, it is necessary to correct the triangle.